Dumfries Castle was a royal castle that was located in Dumfries, Scotland. It was located on Kingsholm by the River Nith, in the area now known as Castledykes Park. Castledykes was also known as Castle-ditches.
A motte and bailey castle was built in the 12th century. The town was created as a royal burgh by King William the Lion in 1186. The castle was enlarged and rebuilt in stone in 1214. King Alexander III of Scotland visited the castle in 1264 to plan an expedition against the Isle of Man.
Robert the Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale, captured the castle in 1286. The castle was occupied by the English from 1298.
King Edward I of England stayed at the castle in 1300. Robert the Bruce captured the castle briefly in 1306 from the English-appointed constable Richard Siward.
King Robert I of Scotland captured the castle from the English appointed constable Dungal Macdouall in 1313.
The castle was destroyed in 1357 in order to obtain the release of King David II of Scotland.
(Picture taken by Gordon Brown on November 26, 2007 - The track to Garthland Mains)
Garthland Castle was a castle that was located near Garthland Mains, Stoneykirk, Rhins of Galloway, Wigtownshire, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland.
The castle was possibly built in 1211, as a datestone bearing that date has been discovered within the Garthland Mains estate.
It would appear that further extensions in 1274 were undertaken, as another datestone has been re-used within the Garthland Mains estate.
The castle was seat of the family of M'Dowall of Garthland, Barony of Garthland, Stoneykirk, Wigtownshire.
In 1295 Sir Dougal MacDougall (McDowell) had a Charter from his 3rd cousin, King John Balliol, Lord of Galloway, confirming the Barony of Garochloyne (Garthland) with Lougan (Logan) and Elrig in the Rhins of Galloway, Stoneykirk, Wigtownshire.